.. (FAQ)
: 20.02.2018 .
: .2 E-mail
 
, . , -, , . , .





- , .

1981 , 7-8 , «» , , , (). 9–10 : « - »?
54 7 12 , 1981 , , 10-12 .




, 7-8 , , – « , ». , , , .. , (« »).

: "amongst children from 7- to 10-years-old possibility accounted for around one-third of their references to criteria for assessing the reality status of television programmes (second only to actuality), but that amongst children of 11- and 12-years-old, this dropped to only 13%. Whilst the negative criterion of impossibility was used by equal numbers of children from 7- to 12-years-old to explain why television programmes were not real, twice as many 9- and 10-year-olds as 7- and 8-year-olds used the positive criterion of possibility to confirm that programmes were real". (" 7 10 " " - . 11-12 - 13 %. " " ( ), , 7 12 . , 9-10 7-8 " ", , , , , ").




, , , ( ).

, , : « , , »; « , , – ».

- , «», , , .

7 12 . , 7-8 2%, 9-10 9%.

(criterion of probability or plausibility) 11-12 .

Medium is the message


( ) - . , , - - .

. -, .

«internal features», - – «external features» ( , - 'magic window' & 'social expectations').

, , : 'unanimously chose Superman as more real than Charlie Brown on the basis of the former's superficial verisimilitude to life - that is filmed rather than animated. Thus, even though these youngsters can chronicle the many tricks underlying Superman's feats, format overrides content when children are forced to make a comparison. At this age, the answer to the question, Which is more real? is, quite simply, whichever looks more real'. (" "", , - , ( ). , "" ( , , ) . , (7-8 ), " ?" ".). 9-10 - .

, -. 12 2 5 .

2- «» «» -. , 2- ( ) : 'children become very upset and sometimes even cry when their favourite television personalities leave the screen'.

- (3.0-3.6); (3.7-3.11, early in interval); (3.7-3.11, late in interval); (4.0-4.6); (4.0-4.6, late in interval). , , , , .

, , 5-6 . , «» 10 (37% 7-9 57% 11-12 ).

, «/» .

– ('physical features'): , , . , 7-8 . 9-10 18%, 11-12 – - 15%.

9-10 'performance features' ( ): , , , . 59% , 11-12 'physical features' – 54%.

, , «» .

«» , , «, , , , .

3-4 , . 4-6 , , .

: 'children's reality-fantasy judgments about television shift, with age, from a focus on physical features and a rigid assessment of actuality, to a sensitivity to the plausibility of characters and plotline and an appreciation of authorial intent'. (" , / , ".).




- . , -, , , , . .. - , .. - .

, , , .

 
« .   . »