.. (FAQ)
: 20.02.2018 .
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(Robert Hawkins) «The Dimensional Structure of Children’s Perceptions of Television Reality» (" -") . perceived reality, .. « ». , ( ), .

1977 153 : «given multiple perceived reality dimensions, developmental changes may take place along some dimensions but not others, or changes may occur at different rates or times on different dimensions. Second, to make things even more complex, it is quite possible that children's dimensional structures themselves differ with age». (" , , . -, , , ").

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5 9 . , 5 , , . «recognition of absence».

Recognition of absence

, «/» . «» , ( ) – «between the way objects appear and the way they really are».

3 4 («when a toy car of one colour is screened by a transparent filter of another colour» (" , ")). . , 6-7 , 11-12 .

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(Leona Jaglom) , 3- , . 4 – , , : «Its events do not actually exist in reality; they cannot be acted on directly». , , .



, , , « » « » (actually happen in real life).

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, , - ( ) « » (.. ). 153 4 12 ( ), , , «». «» «» - 8 .

, , - 10 , (term 'factuality'), . , ( ), , ( ).

(Joanne Quarforth) ( 1979 ) , 6 10 : , .

: 48% 6 , 57% 7, 75% 8,1, 83% 8,9, 95% 10 . «» «».

( ), 9 -: «The 6-year-olds were significantly less able to pick out the characters that could walk and talk by themselves than were those of around 7.0 and older. 18% of the 6-year-olds attributed only to human characters both the qualities of being alive and of autonomous movement, whereas 70% of the 10-year-olds did». ("6- , , 7 . 18% 6- , 7- 70 %").

1981 88 7-8 85 10-11 . , , – « ».

(Hope Kelly) , 8-12 , - , 7-8 . , - «scripted, acted, rehearsed, costumed etc.». , , « » , .

, , - – . 4 - 6 (58%) , 8 45% , 26% , 11-12 65% .


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